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Gas Oil Duty Changes



In March 2021, the UK Government announced gas oil duty changes, which mean that the rules on the tax relief of red diesel are changing. The revision to the current taxation means that many sectors that use red diesel will no longer receive tax relief, so what does it all mean to gas oil users?


What is changing with the gas oil duty changes?

As of the 1st April 2022, many sectors will now need to use an alternative to red diesel, as they are now being forced to use a different fuel that is taxed at the standard rate for white diesel.

This change has been brought in to help deal with the problem of using unsustainable fuels. So, as they are making red diesel more expensive it is also going to force sectors to look at other alternatives.

The government has stipulated that it will allow private pleasure craft to continue to use red diesel. However, they will need to then pay their fuel, gas or oil supplier the difference between the rate of red diesel and white diesel.

Therefore, the kinds of sectors that are going to need to look for an alternative are the likes of logistics, manufacturing and construction. What this means is that red diesel can only be supplied to exempt sectors such as agriculture, fishing, amateur sports clubs and non-commercial power generation to name a few.


Changing to white diesel- what does that mean?

Red diesel is currently used by a number of industries in machinery and equipment, and it makes up for around 15% of the diesel that is used in the UK.

However, users currently only have to pay 11.14p per litre as a duty rate in contrast to the 57.95 ppl for white diesel. This means that these sectors are going to miss out on making a saving of 81% when they make the switch.

For those sectors that are going to need to make the switch to white diesel then they are clearly going to miss out on savings. However, there are other considerations to make.

The dye that is added to red diesel is added so that it remains in both pipework and fuel tanks. This could lead to authorities believing that anyone who is now using white diesel might have illegally used red diesel previously.

Those red diesel users won’t have to flush out tanks, which might bring some relief to those who thought that they would have to pay the high cost associated with flushing tanks.


What are the Government guidelines on the gas oil duty changes?

As it currently stands, the government is bringing in these changes from 1st April 2022. They are requiring suppliers of red diesel to flush their systems while the government is also requesting that alternative-diesel sources have to be made more affordable.

Therefore, the likes of Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil have to be lowered in price to help ensure that more businesses and users adopt the newer fuels.

The government has recognised that some sectors still require access to this fuel, but the changes are coming in next year, so now could be the time to consider the alternatives that are available.


More information

Gov UK – Reform of red diesel and other rebated fuels entitlement


Related articles

Are Premium fuels worth it?
Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil (HVO)
FAQS – Kerosene



Premium fuels

Are Premium fuels worth it?

Most home heating fuels are refined from crude oil and their characteristics vary during the refining process which create impurities. Premium fuels help eliminate such impurities but do not alter your home heating oil’s chemical properties.

By removing the impurities, premium fuels can improve the efficiency of a system and can be very cost effective over the long term. Premium fuels often contain a range of active ingredients that help to maintain healthy performance and prevent negative processes such as sludge build up or corrosion. Using premium fuels, as with regular servicing, can increase the lifespan of boilers, engines and combustion systems, so the key to understanding the value of the premium fuels is to look at both long term efficiency performance and the increase in longevity of the mechanism.


Introducing Premier Pure Premium Fuel

This is domestic kerosene that is used for heating purposes. Usually, it is fragranced for those that live in environments that are sensitive to fuel scents. Premier Pure has been made to make sure that homes get the top quality premium kerosene that serves them well.


About Premier Pure

  • Premier Pure premium fuel is known to lower to amount of carbon emissions
  • It is effective oil in preventing the formation of sludge in the heating boilers
  • While using Premier Pure premium fuel, your boiler will be protected against problems that require frequent repairs
  • Most fuels lead to the build-up of deposits, especially around the heat exchanger surfaces and around the nozzles. However, with Premier Pure premium fuel, the deposits will not build up in the same way
  • This type of oil is known to improve the efficiency of the operating systems
  • Premier Pure premium oil can improve the lifespan of your heating system. It is made in a way that boosts thermal efficiency and cuts down on soot and carbon in your tanks
  • Premier Pure used alongside a blend of fuel stabilisers, chemicals, and lubricants will reduce wear and tear and ensure your system will last longer


What are the key Premier Pure premium fuel components?

The following are the main components of Premier Pure premium fuels:

  • Detergents
  • Dispersants
  • Metal deactivators
  • Anti-oxidants
  • Corrosion inhibitors

The fuel stabilisers and dispersants are very crucial components in the oil. The fuel stabiliser helps in inhibiting the formation of deposits when the fuel is heating up. The dispersants make sure that the tiny deposits are formed to exit through the nozzle and are completely burnt. Thus, these two powerful additives combined ensure that deposits won’t build up on the heat exchanger surfaces or even the nozzles.

The metal deactivator is used to cut down on fuel degradation, which is usually caused by metal interaction in the fuel system. The lining of the heating systems is often lined with copper, making the oil darken and degrade when both come into contact.

Corrosion inhibitor is purposely created to prevent wear and tear that may form in the heating systems. Thus, with Premier Pure, your heating system will have fewer rust deposits, and the metals will last longer.

The detergents used give the fuel a fresh smell when burnt.


Benefits of Premier Pure

  • Premier Pure is domestic kerosene available with added fragrances that give a fresh smell in environments sensitive to foul odours from fuels.
  • Lower carbon emissions. Premier Pure burns at 95 percent or more efficiently thus limiting the amount of carbon that is released to the environment.
  • Premier Pure increases the shelf life since the fuel does not degrade.
  • Since the system does not rust, you do not have to replace its parts regularly. Thus, by using Premier Pure service problems are reduced and the heating system serves you better and for a longer time.

Everything you need to know about boilers

A boiler system is purposely designed to heat the water inside a tank that supplies it hot through pipes. The boiler can also supply steam from the boiled water via pipes and radiators to release warmth. Most boiler systems in a residential setting are hot water heating systems. During the cold months of winter, both the hot water and steam producing boilers are excellent hearing systems to supply you with warmth.

Typically, a boiler sits on a burner and the burner burns fuel to release heat. Many boilers use natural gas, which is usually piped to the homes directly. However, often in rural area, natural gas lines do not serve most of the residences and so oil boilers are common.


Evaluating different types of boiler systems

There are three main types of boilers, system, heat only and combi. System boilers produce hot water for a storage cylinder which is used to for central heating. System boilers, unlike conventional boilers, take water in via a direct supply from the mains. A heat only boiler, also known as a regular or conventional boiler, usually has two tanks, a hot water cylinder and the actual boiler, situated in an elevated space such as a loft.

The third type of boiler, a combination or combi boiler, is supplied directly from the water mains. This means that you won’t need a hot water storage cylinder or a water storage tank as with other systems. When you use the hot water tap with a combi boiler, the gas burner is ignited and a heat exchanger transfers the energy to the water, which allows hot water to be generated almost instantly.

One of the key considerations when purchasing a boiler system is the system’s operating efficiency. The level of efficiency of your heating system will depend on the percentage of fuel that is used to create heat. Thus, a more efficient heating system translates to more savings on heating costs.

While evaluating a heating system’s efficiency, there are two common types, standard systems and high efficiency systems. Standard boiler systems are less energy efficient, usually operating at around 84 percent of maximum in efficiency levels. Standard boilers are also less costly in terms of upfront costs compared to high efficiency systems. High efficiency boiler systems are classed as having an efficiency that is more than 90 percent.

Still want more? For more information about the different types of boilers we recommend the Which? article “What are the different types of boiler?”

What makes a boiler high efficient?

A boiler works by heating water, conducting the hot water through pipework, radiators, radiant floors systems, or a coil. However, what makes some boilers high efficiency is that they trap any heat that tries to escape back into the system. In contrast a standard efficiency boiler allows the heat to be lost in the process of conducting.


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FAQs – Kerosene


What is Kerosene?

Kerosene is an extremely well known and popular fuel. It is a flammable hydrocarbon, an element consisting of Carbon (C) and Hydrogen (H), that has been used for centuries around the world. Kerosene and other hydrocarbons are obtained from crude oil by a process known as fractional distillation.

Fractional distillation is used to produce the fuel on an industrial scale by distilling crude oil in a process similar to that used to produce diesel or petrol.


What is it used for?

Kerosene is extremely popular in aviation, both as jet fuel and rocket fuel, as the fuel meets specifications for the temperature it remains a liquid at before freezing, the speed and efficiency with which it burns and it’s relatively high flash point, the temperature at which it ignites.


When was Kerosene discovered?

Inventor Abraham Gesner trademarked the term Kerosene in 1854 but the history of heating oil goes back much further. There is plenty of evidence that as far back as 1500 BC the Chinese were using heating oil for lamps.


What are the other common names for Kerosene?

As you might expect from a fuel that’s been around since at least the 9th century, home heating oil has plenty of other names. It is commonly referred to as:

  • Boiler Juice
  • Burning Oil
  • 28 Second Heating Oil
  • Industrial Paraffin
  • C2 Kero
  • Standard Kero


How widely is burning oil used in the UK?

There are approximately 1.1 million properties in the UK that use heating oil as the primary fuel for heating, it is also used in a purer form for cooking.


What is the lifespan of heating oil?

The lifespan of heating oil is dependent upon the conditions in which it is kept. If it is stored in a purpose made, weather proof container, it should last around two years and up to a maximum of around five years.


Are there different grades of kerosene?

In the UK there are two standard grades of heating oil. BS 2869 Class C1 is used for lanterns, camping stoves, wick heaters. BS 2869 Class C2 is used as domestic heating oil.


What temperature does Kerosene burn at?

Kerosene’s flash point is in excess of 35 degrees Celsius.


Is kerosene dangerous?

The health risks associated with handling and using heating oil are minimal, provided that the fuel is used in accordance with safety practices.


What more?

Check out Kerosene: health effects, incident management and toxicology for information about heating oil (also known as paraffin and jet fuel), for use in responding to chemical incidents.


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